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Why cameroon?

Cameroon offers promising business prospects within a dynamic and growing market. With a population of over 25 million people and a burgeoning middle class, there is increasing demand for a wide range of goods and services. The country’s rich natural resources, including oil, gas, minerals, and agricultural products, make it particularly attractive for investment in sectors such as energy, mining, and agribusiness. Moreover, Cameroon’s commitment to infrastructure development, including transportation and energy projects, presents opportunities for construction and engineering firms. Special Economic Zones (“SEZs”) with tax incentives and simplified administrative procedures further enhance the appeal for foreign investors. However, prospective businesses should be mindful of challenges such as corruption, inadequate infrastructure in some areas, and regional political instability. A thorough understanding of the local business culture and regulatory environment is essential for success in this promising market.


Strong Regional Integration:

Cameroon is actively involved in regional integration initiatives, such as ECCAS and CEMAC. These frameworks promote economic cooperation, market integration, and harmonization of policies among member countries. By operating in Cameroon, businesses can leverage regional trade agreements and benefit from the larger market access provided by these integration initiatives.

Skilled and Multilingual Workforce:

Cameroon has a relatively well-educated and multilingual workforce, with proficiency in French and English. This linguistic advantage facilitates business communication and opens doors to both Francophone and Anglophone markets. The country also has several educational institutions and training centres that contribute to the development of a skilled labor pool.

Growing Domestic Market:

Cameroon’s population of over 27 million people presents a growing domestic market for goods and services. Rising urbanization, a growing middle class, and increasing consumer demand provide opportunities for businesses to tap into this expanding market.

Supportive Infrastructure:

Efforts are being made to improve infrastructure in Cameroon, including transportation networks, energy supply, telecommunications, and industrial zones. Investments in infrastructure development create a favorable business environment and facilitate the movement of goods and services across the country.

Simple Tax Regime

Personal Income Tax (“PIT”):

Personal income tax is imposed on the income earned by individuals. The tax rates are progressive, ranging from 10% to 35% depending on income levels. Individuals are categorized into different tax brackets, and the applicable tax rate increases as income increases. Various deductions and allowances may apply to reduce taxable income.

Corporate Income Tax (“CIT”):

Corporations and companies are subject to corporate income tax on their profits. The standard corporate tax rate in Cameroon is 33%. However, specific rates may vary based on the sector and location of the business. Certain incentives and exemptions may apply to encourage investment in specific industries or regions.

Personal Income Tax: Personal income tax is imposed on the income earned by individuals. The tax rates are progressive, ranging from 10% to 35% depending on income levels. Individuals are categorized into different tax brackets, and the applicable tax rate increases as income increases. Various deductions and allowances may apply to reduce taxable income.

Value Added Tax:

VAT is a consumption tax levied on the sale of goods and services. The standard VAT rate in Cameroon is 19.25%, with reduced rates of 9.75% and 5.5% applicable to specific categories of goods and services. Businesses are generally required to register for VAT and collect the tax on behalf of the government.

Withholding Tax:

Withholding tax is deducted at the source from payments made to non-resident individuals or companies. It is applicable to specific types of income such as dividends, interest, royalties, and fees for technical services. The withholding tax rates vary depending on the type of income and whether there are any applicable tax treaties.

Customs Duties:

Customs duties are imposed on imported goods. The rates vary depending on the nature of the goods and their classification under the Harmonized System (“HS”) code. Cameroon is a member of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (“CEMAC”), which has a common external tariff for goods imported from outside the CEMAC region.

Capital Gains Tax:

Capital gains tax is levied on the profit realized from the sale of assets, such as real estate, shares, and other capital assets. The tax rate for capital gains varies depending on the nature of the asset and the holding period.

Property Tax:

Property tax is imposed on the ownership of immovable properties, including land, buildings, and real estate. The tax rate depends on the location, type, and value of the property. Local municipalities typically administer and collect property taxes.

cameroon Companies

Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is a firm that is owned by one person. From a legal perspective, the firm and its owner are considered one and the same. On the plus side, this means that all profits are the property of the owner (after taxes are paid, of course). On the minus side, however, the owner is personally responsible for the firm’s losses and debts. This presents a tremendous risk. If a sole proprietor is on the losing end of a significant lawsuit, for example, the owner could find his personal assets forfeited.


In a partnership, two or more partners share ownership of a firm. A partnership is like a sole proprietorship in that the partners are the only beneficiaries of the firm’s profits, but they are also responsible for any losses and debts. Partnerships can be especially attractive if each person’s expertise complements the others. For example, an accountant who specializes in preparing individual tax returns and another who has mastered business taxes might choose to join forces to offer customers a more complete set of tax services than either could offer alone.


corporation is a legal entity that you create to conduct business. The law regards a corporation as an entity separate from its owners. It has its own legal rights, independent of its owners – it can sue, be sued, own and sell property, and sell the rights of ownership in the form of stocks. The corporation becomes an entity separate from those who founded it-that handles the responsibilities of the organization. Like a person, the corporation can be taxed and can be held legally liable for its actions. The corporation can also make a profit. The key benefit of corporate status is the avoidance of personal liability. The primary disadvantage is the cost to form a corporation and the extensive record-keeping that’s required.

Limited Liability Company

A limited liability company or LLC is a hybrid business structure that provides the limited legal liability of a corporation and the operational flexibility of a partnership or sole proprietorship. However, the formation is more complex and formal than that of a general partnership. It is the most common business structure. Most small businesses function in this form.

Cameroon, located in Central Africa, is a country known for its diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and a growing economy. With a population of over 27 million people, the nation offers a promising market for businesses

Author: Chandrawat & Partners

Topic: Doing Business in Cameroon

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